Socialno delo, Vol. 57 (2018), Issue 1
Problems in practice of social work
Development and implementation of an anti-eviction programme - 5, (Abstract) (Full text)
From care planning and care programme to personal care planning and service delivery - 27, (Abstract)
Support for vulnerable families and preventive community work as special aspects of anti-eviction work - 43, (Abstract)
From the edge to broader social changes: Problems and strenghts of community economy - 59, (Abstract)
Development and implementation of an anti-eviction programme
Anti-eviction programme as practiced in the Association Kings of the Street is a logical consequence of many years of developing practices, concepts and inter-institutional cooperation between the Association and the Public Housing Fund of the Municipality of Ljubljana. It brings, on the one hand, a greater formalisation of the previous non-specific housing support, and on the other hand, the introduction of less formal social work and socio-educational approaches in practice work with the tenants of residential units and non-profit housing in Ljubljana. A description of features of this model of anti-eviction work based on five real-life examples illustrates its basic characteristics: the emphasis on outreach work, a high degree of uncertainty when working with (often) very vulnerable tenants and families, and a great degree of versatility and flexibility of the implemented housing support. The article analyzes the different roles of the Association Kings of the Street in specific cooperation with the Public Housing Fund.
Keywords: housing, outreach, homelessness, evictions, Public Housing Fund, Kings of the Streets.
Bojan Dekleva, PhD, is a professor at the Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, and outside co-laborator of the Association Kings of the Street. Contact: email@example.com.
The method of personal planning has been present in Slovenia since the mid-1990s and introduced the paradigmatic changes in social work that are reflected in the implementation of the users’ perspective in the process of help. The paper presents the use of the method since its initial introduction in the field of handicap to the present day, when the method is, for institutional carers of older people, even formally defined in legal regulations. Some of the most evident changes are presented, from the change of naming the method itself, to the influence of conceptual changes on the role of people with personal experience of distress in the implementation of the method and its recording. Based on the analysis of the individual plans, the fundamental advantages of using the method in social work are shown, and the attention is drawn to the traps presented to experts, especially in the institutional environment in which they implement the method. For social work, it is important to constantly analyze the implementation of the method and to evaluate the attainment of compliance of the objectives of the method with the concepts of social work.
Keywords: social work, empowerment, user perspective, writing, deinstitutionalisation, individualisation.
Petra Videmšek, PhD, is as Assistant Professor for social work at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Ljubljana. Besides inclusion of people with personal experiences of distress in research field, her research work include the fields of handicap and violence. Recently she has been focussing her attention on the development of supervision in social work. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org. Jana Mali, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Ljubljana. Her areas of research and teaching include social work with older people, social work with people with dementia, supervision and methods of social work, long-term care. Contact: email@example.com.
In addition to working with individual tenants in crisis situations within anti-eviction programme carried out by the Association Kings of the Street, additional two forms of work are being carried out: support for vulnerable families and preventive community work. These represent a more permanent and more prevention-oriented forms of support which is not carried out only in times of crisis, and not only focused on tenants and families in immediate crisis. In the framework of supporting families, the important role of voluntary workers should be emphasised, as well as the focus on sources of strength of families and the search for the optimum balance between structure and flexibility of support. Preventive community work pursues three main objectives: (1) creating a better climate and relations among the residents of a building or neighbourhood; (2) creating a culture of negotiation and taking care of their apartment and common areas; and (3) creating a relationship of trust between the staff of anti-eviction program and tenants. This should make work with tenants in times of threats of eviction easier and more efficient.
Keywords: housing, exclusion, voluntary work, community building, Kings of the Street, advocacy.
Špela Razpotnik, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana. Her research fields include: community work, inequality, social pedagogy, inclusion. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org. Hana Košan completed the university level study programme of social pedagogy. She is employed at the Association Kings of the Street in Ljubljana. Her fields of work and interest are outreach and community work, work with vulnerable families, circus and theatre pedagogy. Contact: email@example.com. Irena Bilčić completed her studies at the first-level study programme of social pedagogy. Currently she is engaged at the Association Kings of the Street in Ljubljana in the framework of European voluntary service programme. Her fields of work and interest include outreach and community work, circus and theatre pedagogy. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The article is based on more than ten years of working experiences in the Association for help and self-help of homeless people Kings of the Street. There, different innovative programmes for facing the problem of homelessness have been developed (street paper, resettlement support, anti-eviction programme, day centre, fieldwork ...), and recently the attention has been drawn to developing the field of social economy together with homeless people. With the development of an alternative economic system, the question is how marginalized groups of people can gather their strengths, and use their resources for their autonomous existence and survival. This article is particularly focused on the obstacles which emerged during the time of establishing such a community. Finally, alternative modes of cooperation in the framework of social economy are presented.
Keywords: social economy, homeless people, Kings of the Street, marginalisation, media.
Luna Jurančič Šribar, PhD in anthropology of everyday life, is interested in establishing alternative socio-economic communities. For more than a decade, she has cooperated with the homeless in the Association Kings of the Street. She co-founded a cooperative for connecting people based on recycling called Stara roba, nova roba (Old stuff, new stuff), a social enterprise aimed at employing the homeless. Contact: email@example.com.