Project type: Ciljni raziskovalni program 2019
Funding: Slovene research agency
Advocate of the Principle of Equality
UL, Faculty of Law
Coordinator: UL, Faculty of Social Work
Leader: izr. prof. dr. Mojca Urek
prof. dr. Darja Zaviršek
doc. dr. Irena Šumi
dr. Katja Kolšek
izr. prof. dr. Vasilka Sancin
doc. dr. Maša Kovič Dine
as. Domen Turšič
as. Tekavčič Veber Maruša
Tanja Buda, mag. soc. del. (mlada raziskovalka)
mag. Mirjam ten Veen (T)
In Slovenia, we do not have a holistic picture of structural discrimination; therefore it is difficult to identify all the shortcomings of the normative body and practice of ensuring dignified life for all. The purpose of the project is to fill this gap by employing an interdisciplinary approach that combines the findings of sociology, social work and social policies, as well as legal science. The interdisciplinary research brings together a team of researchers from the Faculty of Social Work and the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana to achieve three main goals:
1. To complete, by means of an analysis of the present situation, the picture on the numbers, exposure, existent classifications and trends in vulnerable individuals and groups in Slovenia;
2. To carry out a detailed examination of the Slovenian, European and international legislation, measures and practices in order to identify the grey areas that are the cause of discrepancies between the actual state of affairs, and the alleviation and regulation measures along the line from solidarity activities, social care practice, and legislative and other regulative norms.
3. To prepare professional, comprehensive and effective guidelines for awareness-raising
campaigns; to engage the potential allies in such campaigning (centres of social work, public health institutions, care centres and institutions, the civil society…), thus preparing the groundwork for a renewed and augmented basic understanding of vulnerabilities that occur as a consequence of structural discrimination.
Different sources define the vulnerable groups differently, depending especially on the
intersectionality of the people’s personal statuses, and the sociocultural circumstances. This project will adhere to the definition of vulnerable persons as those who find themselves in scarcity of economic, social and cultural resources, and whose depravity is not readily visible; sometimes, it is quite covert and difficult to spot. Due to the economic, social and cultural roles they occupy, members of vulnerable groups continues to undergo new depravities. We shall acknowledge that “vulnerability” is often individualised and pathologized as a permanent label for a person whereby the generative social factors of their predicament are ignored. We shall also take into account that Slovenia, due to its specific post-socialist history after the year 1990, underwent a specific development of the problems of personal and social vulnerabilities. Thus for instance, circumstances inherited from the socialist time include a fairly large share of population that was in possession of real estate; a large share of young pensioners; low fertility and therefore a large share of old and aging population; a high ethnic homogeneity, etc. The typical problems of social exclusion, vulnerability and discrimination that are undergoing an accelerated globalisation are therefore new in Slovenia: notably, the precarisation of work, the emergence of the so-called working poor, the growing income and property inequalities, and an increasing gender pay gap. Authors in Slovenia, taking this history into account, predominantly systemise the problem of vulnerability as economic, social and
International and European law also impose on Slovenia the duty to prevent structural
discrimination. Adopting the necessary measures that define the circumstances in which
vulnerable groups appear and live can be systemized into three intersectional groups:
a. Economic and old-age protection and protection of the handicapped
b. Socio-cultural, educational and protective measures regarding the ethnically marked groups
c. Measures addressing the problems of gender, family and public health.
The sociological analysis will be carried out by analysing the existent problems of vulnerability, augmented by the holistic documented evidence about the scope, and structure of vulnerability in Slovenia. It will then proceed to test the results in several consecutive events with the professional and other public. The legal analysis will employ a critically analytical comparison between the Slovenian legislation, and that of other EU Member States. Identifying the good practices and the challenges identified, we will proceed to compile guidelines for further normative solutions and the institutional monitoring of the implemented measures to prevent structural discrimination, always in
accord with basic human rights, including the right to life in dignity.
The project group will thus, in accord with the goals of the project call, carry out a pioneer work that will result in holistic groundwork for adopting the pertinent legislation and measures to address the problem of structural discrimination in Slovenia; a work that is the condition sine qua non in order to assure life in dignity for all.
Sancin, Vasilka (2019), Translating R2P`s theory into practice. V: SANCIN, Vasilka (ur.). Responsibility to protect : lessons learned and the way forward. 1st ed. Ljubljana: Pravna fakulteta: = Faculty of Law. 2019, str. 23-31.
Šumi, Irena (2019), Preserving the Holocaust record : lessons evaluation in view of social memory studies. V: SANCIN, Vasilka (ur.). Responsibility to protect : lessons learned and the way forward. 1st ed. Ljubljana: Pravna fakulteta: = Faculty of Law. 2019, str. 33-42.
Urek, Mojca (2019), Pravica do neodvisnega življenja v skupnosti : implementacija 19. člena Konvencije OZN o pravicah invalidov v Sloveniji. V: ŠELIH, Alenka (ur.), et al. Pravni in družbeni položaj oseb z motnjo v duševnem razvoju, (Razprave, 37). Ljubljana: Slovenska akademija znanosti in umetnosti. 2019, str. 89-117.
Zaviršek, Darja (2020) Škodljive družbene posledice mladoletnih porok med Romi v Sloveniji, Alternator, ZRC SAZU. 9.4. 2020. Dostopno na: https://www.alternator.science/sl/daljse/skodljive-druzbene-posledice-mladoletnih-porok-med-romi-v-sloveniji/.
ZAVIRŠEK, Darja, DJOKOVIČ, Natalija, RADEŠIĆ, Laura, MEDEN, Katarina, ĐOGIĆ, Katja, KOŽMAN, Maruša (2019), Romske družine : priročnik za razumevanje etične prakse v socialnem delu in drugih pomagajočih poklicih v podporo slovenskim Rominjam in Romom. Ljubljana: Društvo Mozaik - društvo otrok, 2019. 122 str., ilustr. ISBN 978-961-290-506-4.
ZAVIRŠEK, Darja, RAJGELJ, Barbara. Anti-refugee sentiment without refugees : human rights violations and social work in post-socialist countries of Southeastern Europe in their social contexts. Journal of human rights and social work, ISSN 2365-1792, mar. 2019, vol. 4, no. 1, str. 5-16. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs41134-018-0083-2.pdf, doi: 10.1007/s41134-018-0083-2.